News From Indian County 10 01 2017 E Edition Page 1

OCTOBER 2017 NEWS FROM INDIAN COUNTRY: PAGE 1 Black Hills University honors Bordeaux with building, Page 11 Blackfeet-Cree teacher fosters healing, understanding, Page 14 Canada $3/U.S. $2.00 October 2017 - Vol. XXXI No. 10 Manoomin, the "good seed" continues to feed people..... Restoring food to the table: Wild Rice tradition the 58-year-old has carried on for as long as he can remember. Probably 45 years for me, he said. Deadfish Lake, Zhaaganaashiins Odabiwining in the Ojibwe language, is blanketed so thick with wild rice this time of year it doesn't even look like a lake. Because you essentially dont see News From Indian Country 8558N County Road K Hayward, WI 54843-5800 Food Sovereignty Summit underscores growing tribal collaboration In this September 2017 photo, Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Natural Resources Manager Thomas Howes stands at the canoe landing at Deadfish Lake. The 100-acre lake on the reservation is almost completely covered in wild rice. In the late 1990s, the Fond du Lac Band began experimenting to try to make the rice grow like it used to. At Deadfish Lake, they put in a holding pond above the lake and a water control structure at the outlet. The lake is now a reliable source of wild rice. Photo by Dan Kraker /Minnesota Public Radio By DAN KRAKER Fond du Lac Reservation (MPR News) O n the shore of Deadfish Lake on the reservation of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa during September, Ed Jaakola and Jerrad Ojibway scooped handfuls of wild rice from the bottom of their canoe into big plastic bags. The rice was tough to harvest because of the wind, Jaakola said. Still, he estimated they had gathered 80 pounds, enough to cover the bottom of their canoe. Its a water when you're looking at this, said Thomas Howes, natural resources manager for the Fond du Lac Band, you see what essentially looks like a field of grasses. The 100-acre lake is one of five primary wild rice lakes the band maintains. Continued on Page 7 By PAUL DEMAIN Oneida, Wisconsin (NFIC) F or many people it is a new and wonderful realization of freedom, for others, a way of life that remains unaltered by time or history. Food sovereignty, the act of growing and harvesting to feed your family, clan or community has become a new battle Continued on Page 6 Into the Mist: UN Declaration anniversary at ten years By WINONA LADUKE News From Indian Country A s I drive home from Fargo towards evening, there are endless fields of farm equipment, sugar beets, potatoes and corn. The land is flat; the horizon endless. And then, there is the mist. I drive into the mist. The mist is the remaining wetlands. Sparse they are. When I get towards Gaawaabaabaanikaag, or my reservation, called White Earth for the clay found here, the mists begin. The muskeg begins, full of medicines, life and the filters of Mother Earth. Wetlands once covered almost 5 million acres of North Dakota, along with buffalo wallows, and soft spots of prairie and biodiversity. By the l980s North Dakota had drained almost half of the wetlands, deemed useless by the industrialized agriculture. Into the mist, that's how I know I am home. This is the story of Indigenous peoples and biodiversity. It is a worldwide story, and this last September marked the l0th anniversary of the passage of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. A non -binding international agreement, the declaration, known as UNDRIP represents a reversal on the treatment of Indigenous peoples, a comprehensive international standard to affirm and protect the collective and individual human rights of Indigenous Continued on Page 5 Winona LaDuke in 1977 testifies before the United Nations in part about the need for a Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because of U.S. and Canadian policies. Photo by Dick Bancroft

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