News From Indian County 09 01 2015 E Edition Page 1

SEPTEMBER 2015 NEWS FROM INDIAN COUNTRY: PAGE 1 Syrian Refuge Crisis has Native Roots, by Doug George, Page 9 Fighting for the right to eat and protect wild rice, Pages 22, 23 Canada $3/U.S. $2.00 September 2015 - Vol. XXIX No. 9 Obama becomes first president to enter the Arctic and many of its remote villages By JOSH LEDERMAN KOTZEBUE, Alaska (AP) P resident Barack Obama crossed the Arctic Circle on Sept. 2nd in a first by a sitting U.S. president, telling residents in a far-flung Alaska village that their plight should be the world's wake-up call on global warming. Obama's visit to Kotzebue, a town of some 3,000 people in the Alaska Arctic, was designed to snap the country to attention by illustrating the ways warmer temperatures have already threatened entire communities and ways of life in Alaska. He said, despite progress in reducing greenhouse gases, the planet is already warming and the U.S. isn't doing enough to stop it. I've been trying to make the rest of the country more aware of a changing climate, but you're already living it, Obama told a crowd of more than 1,000 in this rough-and-tumble town on Alaska's western coast. As he closed out a three-day tour of the state focused almost entirely on climate change, the president sought to show solidarity with Alaska Natives and rural Alaskans whose immense challenges are rarely in the national spotlight. His brief visit had the feeling of a campaign rally, with throngs of people cheering and applauding when he invoked the historic nature of the first presidential visit to the Arctic. From the moment Air Force One touched down in Kotzebue, examples of dire poverty and climate-related obstacles were easy to spot. Obama's motorcade snaked through the town passing rows of rusting shipping containers and dilapidated huts - almost all on stilts to accommodate gusts of wind and other weather-related events. It was a topic Obama brought up, by way of praising Alaskans for their perseverance despite poverty, isolation and a lack of support. He said while many speak of America's pioneering, independent spirit, in Alaska it's not just a slogan but a way of life. It can be harsh, Obama said. That means that you depend on each other. News From Indian Country 8558N County Road K Hayward, WI 54843-5800 By AMY FORLITI MINNEAPOLIS (AP) T he Minnesota Court of Appeals has reversed regulators' decision to grant a certificate of need for the proposed Sandpiper oil pipeline, saying Sept. 14 that state regulators must complete an environmental impact statement before the certificate can be issued. The appeals court sent the issue back to the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission to conduct an environmental review and reconsider whether a certificate should be granted. Minnesota regulators granted the certificate in June, saying the $2.6 billion, 610-mile pipeline from North Dakota's Bakken oil fields to Superior, Wisconsin, was necessary and in the public interest. A lengthy environmental review of Enbridge Energy's project was set to take place as officials determined the pipeline's final route. But a three-judge panel of the appeals court said that the certificate constituted a major governmental action, so state law requires the environmental impact statement be completed before that certificate is granted. No one disputed that the pipeline would be subject to environmental review, Minnesota Court says Environmental study required before pipeline certificate Passamaquoddy plan hemp cultivation facility PRINCETON, Maine (AP) T he Passamaquoddy Tribe signed a letter of intent with a medical marijuana management and consulting company to build a cultivation facility in northeastern Maine. Denver-based Monarch America Inc. announced during September it plans to design and manage a cutting edge marijuana cultivation facility in an existing 35,000-square-foot building in Princeton, The Portland Press Herald reported. Chief Billy Nicholas confirmed during September that the tribe signed the letter of intent. He said it wants to use the facility to make industrial hemp, not medical marijuana. Nicholas said the tribe will consider expanding operations as the laws surrounding marijuana change. He said he hopes the tribal government will reach an agreement with Monarch within the next month and that the creation of the facility could provide 15 jobs to start. The business venture allows us to have a better economic base and exercise our sovereignty when it comes to business operations and employment on the reservation, and off the reservation, he said. Maine has legalized medical marijuana and industrial hemp production, but the federal government still outlaws both. Eric Hagen, Monarch's CEO, said state laws don't necessarily hinder sovereign Native American tribes from producing or selling marijuana. The U.S. Department of Justice concluded last year it would allow the nation's Indian tribes to legalize and regulate recreational or medicinal marijuana on their reservations as long as they comply with the same federal guidelines the states have to follow. Hagan said that over the next month he plans to reach out to the state, its attorney feneral and the U.S. attorney for Maine to discuss the initiative. See Minnesota Court says, Page 5 Obama came to Alaska with no grand policy pronouncements or promises of massive federal aid. Instead, he sought to use the changes to Alaska's breathtaking landscape to put pressure on leaders in the U.S. and abroad to cut greenhouse gas emissions, as he works to secure a global climate treaty that he hopes will form a cornerstone of his environmental legacy. Temperatures in the Arctic are rising twice as fast as anywhere else on earth, Obama said. Permafrost, the layer of frozen ice under the surface, is thawing Audience members listen as President Barack Obama delivers remarks at Kotzebue School, Sept. 2, 2015, in Kotzebue, Alaska. Obama was on a historic three-day trip to Alaska aimed at showing solidarity with a state often overlooked by Washington, while using its glorious but changing landscape as an urgent call to action on climate change. AP Photo by Andrew Harnik See Obama becomes first, Page 5

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