News From Indian County 04 01 2017 E Edition Page 1

APRIL 2017 NEWS FROM INDIAN COUNTRY: www.IndianCountryNews.com PAGE 1 Citizens in poverty fear Trump cuts to heating help, Page 6 The Filth of North Dakota, by Winona LaDuke, Page 10 Canada $3/U.S. $2.00 www.IndianCountryNews.com April 2017 - Vol. XXXI No. 4 NMAI opens Nation to Nation exhibit By CARA LOMBARDO MADISON, Wis. (AP) T he president of a tribe that plans to withhold nearly $1 million from the state over a casino dispute told Wisconsin lawmakers and officials April 4th that the state will be stronger if tribal leaders and state leaders are united as allies. Stockbridge-Munsee President Shannon Holsey did not refer to the tribes By Mark Trahant News From Indian Country N o coal here. The Native Village of Tyonek, Alaska, celebrated the suspension of a project by PacRim Coal. The tribal community is located some 45 miles west of Anchorage. PacRim estimated the project would have mined some 242 million tons of coal. A couple of years ago a tribal leader showed me an abandoned lumber mill near the village of Tyonek, Alaska. The News From Indian Country 8558N County Road K Hayward, WI 54843-5800 Nisqually tribal members, left to right, Peggen Frank, Willie Frank, Isabella McCloud and Hanford McCloud view the newly unveiled Medicine Creek Treaty of 1854 on display in the Nation to Nation: Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations exhibition at the Smithsonians National Museum of the American Indian on March 23, 2017, in Washington, D.C. The Treaty of Medicine Creek, on loan from the National Archives and Records Administration, guaranteed fishing rights to nine Native tribes and bands along Puget Sound in exchange for 2.5 million acres ceded to the United States. Paul Morigi/AP Images for National Museum of the American Indian The new deal for tribes: Resource extraction & toxic waste (minus the jobs) Stockbridge-Munsee President Shannon Holsey speaks to members of the Wisconsin State Legislature April 4, 2017. AP by John Hart Stockbridge - Munsee president avoids state/tribal dispute during Legislature address See Stockbridge-Munsee, Page 5 company promised jobs. And, for a time, for a couple of decades, there were those jobs. But after the resource was consumed, the mill closed, the company disappeared, and the shell of the enterprise remains today. This same story could be told in tribal communities across North America. Sometimes the resource was timber. Other times gas and oil. Or coal. The lucky communities were left with a small toxic dump site. More often there was major cleanup work required after (plus a few more jobs). And in the worst case scenario, a Superfund site was left behind requiring government supervision and an even greater restoration effort. But all along, and in each case, the accompanying idea was that jobs would be a part of the deal. There would be construction jobs to build the mine, pipeline, or processing plant. Then there would be truck driving jobs moving materials. A few executive jobs (especially in public and community relations) and, of course, the eventual supervision of the cleanup (especially if the tribal government had its own environmental protection agency.) That was the deal. But its one that is no longer true. Now the resource is extracted, pipelines are built, and toxic waste is left behind while the promised jobs are limited to the initial construction jobs. The renewed effort to build the Keystone XL pipeline is a classic example of this shift. When President Donald J. Trump signed the executive order to approve the The renewed effort to build the Keystone XL pipeline is a classic example of this shift. When President Donald J. Trump signed the executive order to approve the project he promised "thousands of jobs." That's true enough for the construction phase, but only 35 employees would be needed to operate the pipeline, according to the State Department report. See The new deal for tribes, Page 8

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