News From Indian County 01 01 2018 E Edition Page 1

JANUARY 2018 NEWS FROM INDIAN COUNTRY: PAGE 1 Judge rejects change to Minnesotas wild rice standard, Page 3 Tribal Eco-Tourism in Brazils Amazon Forests, Page 7 Canada $3/U.S. $2.00 January 2018 - Vol. XXXII No. 1 How much does climate change cost? Try $1.5 trillion and counting has only started By Mark Trahant Trahant Reports/NFIC T he Trump administration, and its allies in Congress, are fighting a losing war. They continue to press forward for the development of oil, gas, coal, when the rest of the world understands the implication of that folly. Global warming is the most pressing issue for our time. Period. The thing is governments really have two choices when it comes to managing the impact on its peoples from global warming: Spend money on trying to reduce the problem; or spend money on cleaning up the catastrophes. The Trump administration is on the hook for the catastrophe. A report released Januarhy 8, 2017 by The National Centers for Environmental Information pegged the total cost this year at $1.5 trillion, including estimates for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria. (And that doesnt even begin to count the human toll, lost lives, lost jobs, lost opportunity.) I witnessed first hand the impact of Hurricane Maria on the island of Dominica during December. We keep hearing stories about the power grid being down (similar to Puerto Rico) and you think, why? Its been months. Why arent the lights on? Then you see nearly every electrical pole on the island sideways. The entire grid needs to be rebuilt (or better, rethought) and thats decades of infrastructure. So the igure of $1.5 trillion is far short of what will be needed. Nearly every electrical line, every other house, the damage was so widespread its impossible to overstate. And thats just one island. Multiple the effect across the region. The planet. Even the United States. T he Centers for Environmental Information says there were sixteen weather and climate disasters with losses exceeding $1 billion each across the country last year. These events included one drought, two flooding events, one severe freeze, eight severe storms, three cyclones, and one extraordinary wildfire. These events as the center defines them News From Indian Country 8558N County Road K Hayward, WI 54843-5800 Tribes file lawsuits against opioid industry SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (AP/ICC) A s 2018 opened at least three tribes in the Dakotas have joined the Cherokee Nation, Leech Lake of Minnesota and the St. Croix Chippewa of Wisconsin who are suing opioid manufacturers and distributors, alleging they concealed and minimized the addiction risk of prescription drugs. The Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe and the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate sued 24 opioid industry groups in federal court on January 8th. Defendants include drug manufacturers Purdue Pharma, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries and Allergan, and distributors McKesson Corp., Cardinal Health Inc. and AmerisourceBergen Corp. The lawsuit follows more than 70 resulted in 362 deaths. Turns out 2017 was a record-breaking year. In total, the U.S. was impacted by 16 separate billion-dollar disaster events tying 2011 for the record number of billion- dollar disasters for an entire calendar year, the report said. In fact, 2017 arguably has more events than 2011 given that our analysis traditionally counts all U.S. billion-dollar wildfires, as regional- scale, seasonal events, not as multiple isolated events. More notable than the high frequency of these events is the cumulative Dominicas capital of Roseau in the days after Hurricane Maria. Photo by Timothy Fishleigh, Caapi Cottage Retreat Center. See Tribes file lawsuits against, Page 5 See How much does, Page 9 Teacher develops braille code for Navajo FARMINGTON, N.M. (AP) A public school teacher in a New Mexico town situated near the countrys largest American Indian reservation has developed a braille code for the Navajo language. Carol Green, who began developing vision problems as a child and is now a teacher for blind and visually impaired students in Farmington, developed a system of raised dots that enables people to read and write the Navajo language through touch, The Daily Times reported The Navajo braille is based off the English code but it eliminates certain letters. The new braille also adds a prefix code for vowels and how to pronounce them. The advantage of having this code for the reader is that they can distinguish and pronounce everything properly, Green said. Learning the basics of the Navajo language from her grandparents, Green said that exposure started a lifelong interest in learning more of the language. Green learned how to read and write braille in 2009 after her vision continued to deteriorate. Green said that she wanted to advance her learning of the Navajo language, so she inquired with the Braille Authority of North America in 2013 to discover a braille code for Navajo did not exist. Green went to work and developed the first code for Navajo. Before joining the Farmington Municipal School District in 2010, Green also taught at schools in Shiprock and Red Mesa, Arizona. Green also created the new braille code so the Navajo students she teaches could have an opportunity to learn the language, she said. I thought if I am going to develop it for myself, then I might as well share it so these children have that opportunity. The same as their peers, Green said. In a resolution approved in October 2015, the Navajo Nation Board of Education adopted the Navajo braille code to teach to blind and visually impaired tribal members.

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